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One of the new Seven Wonders of the World and for good reason, the ancient Mayan site, Chichen Itza is breath taking in beauty and architectural mastery. The site was the cultural and political center of the ancient Mayan civilization and in modern times is the most famous and best-conserved Mayan sites. The magical vision of the snake descending the Castle of Kulkulcan was a testament to the astrological knowledge of the Maya.
The most famous structure is the Temple of the Seven Dolls, named because of seven small clay figurines found at the site when the temple was excavated by archaeologists in the late 50s. In the spring equinox, the building orientation makes the sun can be seen through the doors of east and west, "through" construction. The temple is connected to the rest of the site, for a long sacbé. Dzibilchaltún also contains the ruins of an open Spanish chapel, from sixteenth century, built on the site after the conquest. The archaeological site houses a museum, which contains many Mayan artifacts found at the site and its adjacent region. There are steles and inscriptions of Chichén Itzá and Uxmal. There is also an armor of the conquerors, representative Mayan dresses from Chiapas, Yucatan and Guatemala and original fragments of a colonial church. Another important feature is its cenote Dzibilchaltún, where you can swim. This is the cenote Xlacah, the most important open cenote of Dzibilchaltun archaeological site and was used as a water supply for the Maya. In some parts reaches 40m. deep. It measures 40 meters wide and 100 long. His name is a Mayan word meaning "old town"
Ek Balam, Temozon
In Yucatec Maya, Eek 'Baalam means "black Jaguar" (Ek, black. Balam, jaguar) This small central area was protected by three walls. It was a very rich Mayan capital called Talol that had been founded by Éek'Báalam (black jaguar) or Coch CalBalam. He dominated a densely populated region. In the early years of the eleventh century, possibly a foreign invasion underwent itzáes power centers and Yaxuná Ek Balam. Most of the buildings are from the late classical period. The entrance to this site protected by two walls begins with a magnificent Mayan arch, then the buildings of the ceremonial center, the oval palace and a Mayan ball game court of good size.
To this colonial city is known as the "city of three cultures", since it features of its pre-Hispanic past, the colonial period and modern times are combined. It is located 1 hour from Merida, and many tour operators included in its route to Chichén Itzá. Its name comes from Zamna, "dew of heaven," singular character of wisdom and mythical origin considered as instructor and teacher of the Maya. Izamal is a beautiful colonial town founded in the mid-sixteenth century on the ruins of an ancient Mayan city; its most important building, the Conventual Set of Our Lady of Izamal, was built on the ruins of a Mayan shrine called Pap-hol-chac. In 1992, Izamal was visited by S.S. John Paul II, who celebrated a memorable Mass in the large atrium above the temple of the Immaculate Conception and former Convent of San Antonio de Padua. Since then, most of the houses and buildings that decorate its historical center are painted white and yellow: the Vatican colors.
Mayapán, the archaeological site, was a Mayan city of the post-classic period. It is located in the northwest of the state of Yucatan, in the municipality of Tecoh, about 40 kilometers away from the city of Merida, the capital of the state
Merida, the biggest city in the Yucatan Peninsula is also known as the White City. One of the most beautiful colonial cities in Mexico, it blends proud indigenous traditions and a modern international flavor! Mérida was founded in 1542 by Francisco de Montejo and is considered the cultural and financial capital of the Yucatan.
Uxmal is a truly beautiful Mayan archaeological site located just south of the city of Merida. In its time it was one of the most important cities of the Maya. Spread out across 2 km, Uxmal has no less than 15 complexes of buildings indicating the complexity of the society and the religious, political and economical activities that took place there. It is truly a sight to behold!
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